The characteristics and type Semar bags
This plant can grow mencapati 15-20 m high with climbing plants other measures, although there are some species that do not propagate upward. At the end of the existing leaf tendrils that can be modified to form pockets, which trap tool that was used to consume prey (eg, insects, slugs, toads child) that dip.
Typically, Nepenthes has three types of form bags, namely bags top, bottom pockets, and pockets rosette. Top bag is a bag of adult plants, generally in the form of a funnel or cylindrical, not having wings, do not have an attractive color, side and rear-facing vines can be wrapped around the branches of other plants, bag over the animal often fly like mosquitoes or flies, bag type This is not uncommon especially found in most species, N. ampullaria metaphor. Under pouch bag is produced on the young plants are generally tergelatak above the ground, has two wings that act as tools for soil insects like ants For further climb up the bag and fell within berenzim fluid in it, while the rosette bags, have the same form like Under the bag, but the bag rosette leaves grow in a rosette part, the parable of the species that have this type of bag is ampullaria N. and N. gracilis. Most plants are sometimes issued in the form of bags being like a mix bag bottom and top bag.
This plant has a very broad deployment of waterfront to the plateau, in because this is the Nepenthes divided within two types namely the type highland and lowland types, although generally the species grown in the highlands. Listed species are grown in very high altitude which is at an altitude lamii N. 3, 520 m.
Species generally grow in areas with high humidity and light to medium to high. Some species like N. ampullaria grow in a shady area with not too much light, but N. mirabilis grown in the open with abundant light. Land area is growing Nepenthes generally nutrient poor and acidic. Most species grow in an area that is very toxic to other plants like N. rajah grown on soil containing heavy metals and N. albomarginata that can grow on sandy beaches in the zone affected by sea water spray, some species are epiphytes grow like N. inermis are grow without contact with the ground.
Benefits Semar bags
Benefits of Semar is a variety of bags. Not only as ornamental plants, these plants also have benefits that are not less absolute. Among the indicators as climate. When at one location or area covered by Nepenthes gymnamphora, meaning they will be the location of a high enough level of rainfall, humidity above 75 percent, and nutrient-poor soil.
Medicinal Plants These plants can also be herbs. The liquid from the bag remains closed, is used as a cough medicine. Water decoction of the roots and the liquid within the bag remains sealed drug use as well as abdominal pain, bedwetting dodge, heal burns and eye pain. In addition, Nepenthes also be a source of drinking water for adventurers and mountaineers thirsty.
Nepenthes N. gymnamphora type is the source of potable water in because of its neutral pH (6-7) with a situation that remains closed pockets, open pockets in because the bodies of insects contaminated dip, pH 3 and was sour.
There are also people who use it as a replacement strap. Stems of Semar bags can be used as a replacement strap for fastening the goods.
With the uniqueness and beauty, not one of a few people who pingin maintain it. But, generally is sold mainly in Sumatra its original place, still is Nepenthes are taken immediately from nature, not from the captivity or cultivation.
This TSB is very alarming considering the original habitat of threatened Semar bags by fire, logging, forest clearing and conversion of land as residential.
Nepenthes exploitation of nature for purely economic purposes and degradation that threaten the natural habitat of Nepenthes, aggravate the existence of Semar bags in nature. Semar bags countless rare plants and closer to extinction. Moreover LIPI inform, some species of this plant as the plant is very rare in Indonesia.
(see also: pakan burung kacer)
Because it is protected by Law No.. 5 Th. 1990 concerning the Resource Conservation and Ecosystem. The government is also provision Number 7 Th. Type 1999, concerning the Preservation of Flora and Fauna also. Covention of International Trade in Endangered Species or CITES can be abbreviated, mengategorikannya within Appendix-1 (2 species) and Appendix-2. That means that all beings is very limited trading activity. (Berbagifun)